Agenda

Date

June 17-18, 2019

Location

Osaka, Japan

Conference Agenda

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Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Shoichiro Ozaki photo

Shoichiro Ozaki

Ehime University, Japan

Title: Climate can be regulated by effective use of nox and waste water NP

Biography:

Shoichiro Ozaki is serving at The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Japan. His primary contribution is to achieve the first total synthesis of optically active myo-inositol trisphosphate, and a wide range of other inositol phosphates and lipids for subsequent physiological studies. He discovered DAB: regulator of Ca2+ release, anti-aging reagents. He is proposing method to protect global warming. His method is promotion of CO2 assimilation by effective use of NOx and drainage nitrogen, phosphorous, many countries hating NOx as pollution gas and eliminating by ammonia. He is considering that NOx is best promotor of CO2 assimilation. For the promotion of CO2 assimilation, NOx elimination should be stopped.

Abstract:

About 510 billion tone CO2 is produced by burning of fossil fuel and respiration of animal. CO2 142 billion tone increased in 2017. If we can increase fixing of CO2 by promotion of CO2 assimilation, global warming will be protected. To promote CO2 assimilation, supply of nutrient N and P is essential. 14.4 billion tone NOx is produced when 140 billion fossil fuels is burned. Many governments are eliminating NOx and NP in drainage as pollution substances. NOx and NP in drainage are promotor of CO2 assimilation, fertilizer of plant growth. Therefore, these action are promoting global warming. NOx elimination is giving bad effect on grain, fish production, electricity price, GDP growth rate. By effective use of NOx and waste water NP, we can increase plankton CO2 assimilation at sea. Stopping of NOx elimination and stopping of waste water purification is easy method to protect global warming and to regulate climate.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Joanna Slawinska photo

Joanna Slawinska

University of Wisconsin, USA

Title: Decadal variability of Indo-pacific climate as revealed by Kernel methods

Biography:

Joanna Slawinska has a comprehensive multidisciplinary background, including a Master’s degree in Physics with a focus on theoretical astrophysics and stellar pulsations, a PhD in Computational Fluid Dynamics for geophysical flows, and postdoctoral research training in Applied Mathematics. Joanna is a postdoctoral associate working on a range of topics, from theoretical development of data-driven methods for dynamical systems, to their subsequent application to various fields of physics. In particular, the current focus of her work is on machine learning techniques for analysis of spatiotemporal patterns of ultrafast spectroscopical data, complex turbulent flows, and more to come.

Abstract:

Long-term predictions of regional changes are of utmost importance due to their high societal and economic impacts. Yet, current projections are of limited skill as they rely on satellite records that are relatively short compared to the timescales of interest, and also due to the presence of a significant anthropogenic trend superposed with low-frequency natural variability. Recent simulations of past climates provide a unique opportunity to separate external perturbations from internal climate anomalies and to attribute the latter to the statistical distributions of climate and weather patterns on shorter timescales. Here we study such changes by applying a recently introduced data analysis technique called Nonlinear Laplacian Spectral Analysis (NLSA) to a range of models and observations. We focus on the Indo-Pacific Ocean variability and recover modes across a range of timescales, including the variance-dominating ENSO, its seasonal and multidecadal modulations, and others. As such, our study unambiguously clarifies interdependencies between interannual modes which are sometimes treated in the climate science community as independent, but also lead to the identification of previously-unknown decadal to centennial modes. Furthermore we demonstrate that a newly-detected pattern, called West Pacific Multidecadal Mode, projects significantly onto other parts of the coupled climate system, and in particular on ocean biochemistry over many timescales. We also discuss the possible linkages and physical mechanisms connecting Indo-Pacific Ocean variability with the regional statistics of other high- and low-frequency extremes. Moreover, we compare our results with an NLSA-based analysis of various past and future climate scenarios, and reveal how internally-driven fluctuations compare with the ones attributed to impacts driven by NLSA-derived trends. Extensions of this work aiming to improve model fidelity are also discussed.

Oral Session 1:

  • Global Warming | Climate Change Challenges & Sustainability | Climate Change & Biodiversity | CO2 Capture and Sequestration | Climate Change and Climatology | Earth Science
Speaker

Chair

Shoichiro Ozaki

Ehime University, Japan

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Jinxia Zhai photo

Jinxia Zhai

Anhui Medical University, China

Title: Effects of air pollutants on the mortality of cardiovascular disease in Hefei, China, 2007-2016: A time-series study

Biography:

Jinxia Zhai, PhD, Associate Professor, graduated from Anhui Medical University, has been engaged in the study of environmental risk factors for chronic diseases, focusing on meteorological factors and the effects of air pollutants on diseases, and published dozens of SCIs. Member of the youth committee of the public health professional committee of the chinese medical association, member of the standing sommittee of the environmental hygiene committee of the anhui provincial preventive medicine association, and member and secretary of the health branch of the anhui medical association.

Abstract:

Cardiovascular disease poses a huge economic and health burden worldwide. However, the sensitivity of people to air pollutants varies from region to region, and there are few studies on the relationship between air pollutants and cardiovascular disease death in specific areas. This study evaluated the impact on air pollutants on the number of cardiovascular deaths in Hefei, China. Daily data on cardiovascular death, daily air pollutant concentration and meteorological factors from 2007 to 2016 were included in this study. We established a time-series study design and applied a distributed lag nonlinear model to evaluate the association between every IQR increment of air pollutants and a percent increase of resident cardiovascular death. Subsequently, these associations were examined by gender, age group and sub-layer of cardiovascular disease to arrive at sensitive populations. There were 34,500 cases of CVD during the period 2007-2016, and the average number of daily CVD death was 9.44. PM10, SO2, NO2, PM2.5, CO, O3 were observed to be strong and significantly associated with cardiovascular deaths at lag0-6 days, lag0-5 days, lag0-5 days, lag0-4 days, lag0-3 days and lag0-5 days, respectively. Females for cardiovascular deaths were more vulnerable to air pollution than males. In the age subgroup, residents ≥65 years old more sensitive to PM10, CO and O3, residents <65 years old were more sensitive to the effects of SO2, NO2, and PM2.5. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to strengthen the management of air pollutants, especially SO2 and NO2, to enhance the protection of air pollutants among high-risk groups and to reduce the death of cardiovascular diseases caused by air pollution.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Danladi Yusuf Gumel photo

Danladi Yusuf Gumel

Jigawa State College of Education, Nigeria

Title: Measuring the vulnerability of paddy farmers to climate change variability in peninsular Malaysia

Biography:

Danladi Yusuf Gumel was born in August 11, 1967 in Gumel, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Started his formal education at Nasoro Primary school, Gumel in 1973, in 1982 he proceeded to Lautai government secondary school, Gumel and  science secondary school, Dawakin Tofa from 1982-1987 where he obtained his West African school certificate (GCE 'O level) in 1987. Danladi holds Master’s Degree in Environmental Management from Bayero University Kano and in 2018 obtained his PhD in Environment Planning & Management from University Putra Malaysia (UPM). He is currently a Principal Lecturer, Department of Geography, Jigawa State college of Education Gumel Nigeria. He has published more than 15 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

Abstract:

Climate changes greatly affect agricultural crop production and the associated farming community. The magnitude of the climatic stressor, the sensitivity and capacity of the affected communities to adapt with such stressors affect farmer vulnerability. This study assessed the vulnerability of paddy farmers to climate change variability in Peninsular Malaysia. The study employed an integrated vulnerability assessment approach using three component of vulnerability i.e. exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Household survey was conducted using multi- stage systematic random sampling on 450 sampled respondents to measure their adaptive capacity. 22.9% of respondents were found to be less vulnerable, 32% were vulnerable and 45.1% were highly vulnerable. Based on granaries, MADA has the highest vulnerability followed by KADA with IADA as the least vulnerable. Ordinal logistic regression revealed that 17 factors have significant influence on the vulnerability outcome of the respondents. Conclusively, the respondents in the study areas are vulnerable to the effects of climate change variability. Therefore, decision makers should tailor policies to address local specific conditions by placing climate change vulnerability issues within the broader developmental context.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Lolita N. Ragus photo

Lolita N. Ragus

COM-FSM Chuuk Campus, Federated States of Micronesia

Title: Diverse responses of local giant swamp taro under saline swamp environment in the FSM

Biography:

Lolita N. Ragus obtained her PhD (Agronomy-Plant Breeding and Genetics) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.  She co-authored references in agriculture called Philippines Recommends in rice, corn, sorghum, winged bean, peanut, mungbean, soybean and ginger.  She was employed as Researcher at the Northern Marianas College (1988-1995) and Palau Community College (1995-1999). Presently as Agronomist Researcher at the COM-FSM Chuuk Campus, she conducts US department of sgriculture research and extension programs in food security and climate change.

Abstract:

Giant swamp taro (Cyrtosperma chamissonis or C. merkusii Schott) is an important crop at atolls and mountainous islands in Micronesia. In the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) with four states (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei and Yap), the population is threatened with food insecurity.  Foremost is abandoning their taro patches damaged by recurrent wave surges and salt-water intrusion. 
To ensure security of this food source, 43 cultivars from Pohnpei and 30 cultivars from Chuuk were collected and grown in a swamp with an average salinity of 1,300 ppm (0.13 %) to identify salt-tolerant varieties.  For two years, these seedlings were monitored for plant height, number of petioles and leaves, monthly corm diameter increment, leaf damages, leaf width and length, seedling survival and sucker number. The 43 cultivars were grouped into 15 clusters based on their morphological characterization. These clusters were soaked under high water salinity level using ocean water averaging 53,000 ppm (5.3.%) for seven hours to determine their responses to salinity including losses in biomass, corm masses, root number and length. Two cultivars were identified with more than 2-cm monthly diameter growth and more than 80% survival rates under natural swamp condition. From the 7-hour soaking experiment, few cultivars were identified with minimal root damages. This study recommended root number before and after soaking in highly saline water as a practical indicator in identifying a salt-tolerant giant swamp taro cultivar.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Ahmed Atef Amin & Samar Ibrahim Elnaggar photo

Ahmed Atef Amin & Samar Ibrahim Elnaggar

Minufeia University, Egypt

Title: Climate change and flood risk in the coastal zone of Nile delta

Biography:

Ahmed Atef Amin & Samar Ibrahim Elnaggar are an architects who are interested in the phenomenon of climate change, then developed interest in the phenomenon and samar's master thesis was registered at the point "towards the sustainability of coastal urban communities in the Nile Delta in light of the phenomenon of climate change". They have participated in a group of workshops and seminars in which they discusses the phenomenon of climate change in various aspects, and  submits their papers to the conference to publish the research for scientific benefit in addition to obtaining approval to publish research as a main requirement for a master's degree.

Abstract:

Climate change and its consequences have become a pressing problem facing the world in several different ways. Over the past 50 years, the world has become increasingly interested in this phenomenon to try to avoid the resulting changes. Examples of these changes include the restructuring of the world's known geography. In addition to the urban areas that are exposed to other images of these changes, and the Delta and the coasts of northern Egypt is one of the most expected areas exposed to environmental and geographical changes, as it is expected to be accompanied by each increase in sea level by half a meter, drowning some entire coastal cities.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Fatima Ahmed Al Kadhim photo

Fatima Ahmed Al Kadhim

Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Title: Climate neutral now pledge (CNN) at Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority (SEWA)

Biography:

Fatima Ahmed Al Kadhim is an Emirati working in the safety, health and environment field at Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority. She completed her graduation from the American University of Sharjah with a bachelor’s degree evironmental sciences. Her passion in life is to carve a legacy in the minds and hearts of others. In simple words, she wish to make a change.

Abstract:

Climate change impacts everyone across the globe either directly or indirectly. To tackle the issues posed by the changing climate, individuals, governments and private organizations need to take action. One step towards addressing this challenge is reducing green house gas (GHG) emissions. This report explains the steps undertaken by Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority to measure, reduce and offset emissions for the year 2018, in order to achieve climate neutral now status which is an initiative of the United Nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC). Financial control approach has been used to define organizational boundaries for GHG inventory for SEWA head office and SEWA Zulal water factory. The results of the calculations show that the total emissions were 4548 tonnes of Carbon dioxide (tCO2). Head Office emissions was 2186 tCO2 while Zulal Factory was 2359 tCO2. The measures undertaken to reduce energy consumption which in turn reduced GHG emissions include boiler retrofit, hybrid forklifts, efficient lightning, efficient printers, efficient HVAC systems and temperature control. Finally, the number of units cancelled was 4550 tCO2 and equivalent amount of Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs) was purchased from UNFCCC approved Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project no. 2698 to offset unavoidable emissions.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Sanjeet Purohit photo

Sanjeet Purohit

Member of Bar Council of Rajasthan, India

Title: Climate change and sustainable development - A developing country perspective

Biography:

Sanjeet Purohit is a Humanities and Law graduate from Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, one of the esteemed universities of Rajasthan, He has been practising law at the Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, district courts and tribunals within the State of Rajasthan since the year 2001. Having started his professional career with the stalwarts of their times and now sitting judges, honourable justice Govind Mathur and honourable justice Gopal Kishan Vyas and with the senior counsel Mr P. K. Lohra, he gained first-hand experience in different areas of law under their able guidance.

Abstract:

We live in an emblematic era. We have never been here before and if we do not come together with common purpose and an indefatigable strive to make this planet a better place to live in, it would surely not keep us long. This paper is an attempt to critically dissect India’s journey as a developing country in combating climate change with the help of sustainable development. The objective pursued herein is to identify and share replicable takeaways for developing countries which endeavor to strike a balance between their economic aspirations and obligations to posterity. The research is constricted to the examining policy decisions and steps undertaken by India in an attempt to fulfill its obligations under the Paris Agreement. It shall include a comprehensive analysis of its Biennial Update Report(s) and National Communication to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Forestry Sector. In order to understand this journey, Governance, Policy Decision and other paradigm shifts are assimilated, observed and analyzed so as to bring-forth a better understanding of what has worked and why. India faces challenges in economic development, which have to be met with the limited resources available, with minimal externalities and in the presence of large uncertainty with respect to climate. One of the growing and accepted approaches to overcome this development paradox is adoption of sustainable development paradigm, which entails development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs. On 30th June, 2008, India announced and launched its National Action Plan on Climate Change - NAPCC.  The NAPCC, guided by the principles of sustainable development aligns the environmental and economic objects. The NPACC identifies measures that promote our development objectives while also resulting in co-benefits in terms of addressing climate change. There are 8 national missions which form the core of NAPCC.

Meetings International - Climate Change 2019 Conference Keynote Speaker Abdul Ghafoor photo

Abdul Ghafoor

Sogreah Consultant Company, Kuwait

Title: The surveyor role in monitoring, mitigating and adapting to climate change

Biography:

Abdul Ghafoor is workings as Senior Hydrographic, Land and Marine Geophysical Survey Consultant in Sogreah Consultant Company, currently working in Kuwait. He has completed BSc special degree in Surveying Sciences, International Hydrographic Organization category-B in National Hydrographic Institute in Goa, India and Post Graduate Diploma in Goa University, India. Fourteen years experience on close to the site activities of hydrographic, geophysical survey, topographic survey and data processing in construction projects since 2002. He has the experience in different stages of the construction activities, including offshore and near shore, planning, execution, monitoring and controlling, maintaining high quality standards through strong communication management. He also involved in technical design of foundations for all types, pipe laying, including piles, construction supervision of almost all types of topographic, geophysical surveying and GIS. Furthermore, he has wide experience in the marine construction works including pre and post geophysical, bathymetric and topographic survey and reclamation, ground improvement, construction of revetments and quay wall. He has worked on the construction of infrastructure projects and various civil projects such as road and building projects and near shore and offshore projects, including planning executing and designing geophysical, environmental, meteorology and hydrographic data acquisition and interpretation.

Abstract:

The surveyor (land and hydrographic) is a practical people-centric professional person, skilled in any spatial measurement, to represent, interpret and analyses spatial information, highly knowledgeable in the administration and governance of rights to the land and sea, and capable of planning for the development and use of land resources. It is this unique combination of skills that allows the surveyor to not only collect and analyses data vital to understanding the impacts of climate change, but also to grasp many of the complex human, political and physical interactions that arise in dealing with climate change issues. Understanding the full extent of the complex interactions that are part of climate change science requires not only monitoring of the earth, but rather integrated earth measurement and monitoring systems, many of which are satellite based. These data include radar altimetry, LiDAR, as well as other sensors that use reflected or back-scattered sunlight as their radiation source. Such data can be used not only to provide detailed information about the terrain, land use patterns, water storage, ice mass balance and a host of other useful inputs  which, when used together, provide a detailed picture of earth system change, but also to assist with emergency response and recovery operations after natural disasters. However, in order for this data to be correctly interpreted and integrated, it is essential that it not only be time tagged but also given well defined coordinates in a known reference system.  Surveyors not only help define these coordinates and the reference systems that produce them but also help design and use the software tools that support the subsequent analyses of the resulting spatial data.  In the many ways that surveyors.